Sports and exercise

A dressage test requires the horse and rider to execute a pattern of gymnastic movements, in walk, trot, and canter at specific positions around an arena.
Sports that stretch across a full season appeal to women less than the Olympics, new research suggests.
An injured Liverpool footballer must overcome a psychological hurdle if he is to return to the level of performance he achieved prior to damaging his knee.
A new initiative is aiming to provide positive reinforcement for drug-free athletes at this year's London Olympic Games.
The poor habits displayed by unfit parents may be discouraging their children from leading healthier lifestyles, new research has found.
Top Olympic athletes are using a new sports psychology mobile app developed by US Track and Field Sports Psychologist Dr Steve Portenga.
England's footballers need a sports psychologist to help them succeed in penalty shoot-outs, it has been claimed.
Experiencing an injury prior to or during the ‘Biggest Show on Earth’ can be understandably devastating. 
Psychological skills training – mastering distraction, conquering nerves, overcoming fears and instilling confidence – has become an accepted and valued part of an elite athlete’s preparation for competition, with the likes of Jessica Ennis and Ha
Footballers need to prepare themselves mentally before taking part in penalty kicks, it has been claimed.
Heather Watson, who has become the first British woman to make it through to the third round of Wimbledon for a decade, puts her success down to having  the same breakfast every day – smoked salmon and scrambled eggs on toast. She also has a ritual of running to pass the ballboy her towel each time she changes ends. Perhaps salmon is good for you, but superstition has an important role in sport.
Wimbledon 2012 begins this week with Novak Djokovic, Maria Sharapova and Roger Federer all in action. As ever, rain threatens to be the biggest talking point, but how do tennis's biggest names overcome the headache that the wet weather brings?
Psychology is playing a part in helping an amateur golfer while out on the course.
Dwain Chambers was overjoyed after racing to victory in the 100-metre Olympic trials in Birmingham.
Whether muttering under your breath, urging yourself on or cursing ourselves in frustration at a simple mistake, we all engage in self-talk daily. For an elite athlete in the centre of a roaring stadium, internal voices may have a critical effect on how they are feeling, and how they perform.
Athletes at the Olympics will be required to attain the highest levels of performance whilst under considerable levels of pressure. 
The beach volleyball event at this summer’s London Olympics will attract unsurpassed media attention and play to a capacity stadium. Tickets for the competition - despite only athletics coming with a steeper price tag - were vastly oversubscribed.
When it comes to cycling, different regions in the UK have varying attitudes.
As Olympic athletes make their final preparations for the biggest sporting competition of their lives, sport and performance psychologists at Loughborough University have published research that can help them overcome and even thrive on the pressu
Performers at the Olympic Games will attempt to perform to their potential under intense pressure. Researchers at Bangor University’s Institute for the Psychology of Elite Performance have revealed a remarkable backlash that some performers will suffer from. This is the ironic error: the performance error that each Olympic athlete will specifically trying most to avoid. 
A number of elite competitors, including Tiger Woods and Nick Dougherty (golf), Andy Cole, Jerzy Dudek and Nathan Redmond (soccer) and Ben Cohen (rugby union) have successfully reported using hypnosis to aid their preparation and sport performance
In sport the margins between success and failure can be minute. Sports performers, coaches and organisations go to great lengths to secure the tiniest advantage over competitors.
For over a century sport psychologists have been intrigued by the idea that you can practise sport with your mind’s eye.
There is a common misconception that young girls cannot physically compete with their male counterparts in sports, it has been suggested.
The emotional wellbeing of athletes could be markedly improved through a new training technique, research has suggested.
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