In a wide range of sport events like Premiership football, world championship boxing, Olympic ice skating and gymnastics – the talking point at the end of competition often focuses the skill of the officials and not that of the contestants.
The segment devoted to London in the closing ceremony of the 2008 Peking Games presented a gritty, urban view of the city – complete with hoodies and graffiti.
As Bradley Wiggins becomes the first British winner of the Tour de France, Dr Victor Thompson, a Chartered Psychologist, describes the challenges in one of the world's toughest sporting events. Following the historic results for British cycling in the 2012 Tour, take another look at the article we ran earlier this summer.
Basketball players are required to be strong emotionally when performing at the top level.
On 28 July, the day after the opening ceremony, the Olympic basketball tournament commences at the London Olympic Park.
Winning gold at the London 2012 Olympics will be the pinnacle of success for many athletes around the world.
The UK's high-performance sport agency UK Sport has confirmed its goal to be in the top four on the Olympic medal table. This means the nation's overall target is to receive at least 48 medals from a minimum of 12 different events.
Controversy about doping has plagued the Tour de France for years, which given that it is one of the toughest sporting events, isn't surprising.
As the competition enters its third and final week we look at emerging areas of research into knowledge production, use and co-production in the field of doping in sport being carried out at the Carnegie Research Institute at Leeds Metropolitan University.
A dressage test requires the horse and rider to execute a pattern of gymnastic movements, in walk, trot, and canter at specific positions around an arena.